What is a covered entrance to a building called?
The word is portico – “A porch or entrance to a building consisting of a covered and often columned area” – WordWeb. “[A] porch leading to the entrance of a building, or extended as a colonnade, with a roof structure over a walkway, supported by columns or enclosed by walls.” – Wikipedia.
What is a vestibule in a building?
A vestibule is a completely enclosed unconditioned space that separates the interior of a building from the exterior. It creates an air-locked entrance and acts as an entryway into a larger space, such as a lobby.
What is the difference between a portico and a porte cochere?
Often larger than a portico, a porte-cochre (English and French: coach gate; also called a carriage porch) is a covered structure at the primary or secondary entrance to a building that allows occupants to exit a horse and carriage (or motor vehicle) while being protected from the weather.
What is the architectural term for a structure with columns all around?
A temple or other structure surrounded on all sides by columns forming a continuous portico at the distance of one or two intercolumniations from the walls of the naos or cella. Almost all the Greek temples were peripteral, whether Doric, Ionic, or Corinthian.
What do you call an architect’s drawing?
An architectural drawing or architect’s drawing is a technical drawing of a building (or building project) that falls within the definition of architecture. Today the vast majority of drawings are created using CAD software.
What is the area above a doorway called?
In architecture, a transom is a transverse horizontal structural beam or bar, or a crosspiece separating a door from a window above it. This contrasts with a mullion, a vertical structural member. Transom or transom window is also the customary U.S. word used for a transom light, the window over this crosspiece.
Why do bedroom doors have windows above them?
Transom windows over most of the doors in our 1880s row house are important to its authenticity. Transoms historically were used to allow passage of air and light between rooms even when doors were shut. That’s enough to allow airflow without making the window hard to open or close.
What is the space between the door and the floor called?
2 Answers. Door gap is the general name for all of the gaps around the door. FLOOR CLEARANCE: The distance between the bottom of the door and the top of the material directly below the door. This varies with applications, such as concrete, any floor covering and/or a threshold.
What is the board under a door called?
Vertical frame members are called ‘side jambs’; the top, horizontal piece is the ‘head jamb’; the bottom, horizontal piece is the ‘sill’.
What is Astragal?
An astragal is a piece of hardware that is used on a pair of doors to seal the gap between the doors when they are closed. Astragals are different from a mullion because the astragal is fastened to the door itself. A mullion is attached to the frame and the doors stop against it.
What is a dentil shelf on a door used for?
Dentil Shelves, a shelf with a row of blocks, are typically added below a 1⁄4 lite and are often utilized on Craftsman style doors. Strap hinges and clavos (nails that are round or pyramid shaped at the head) are applied to exterior doors to give them a rustic appearance.
What is the difference between a door frame and casing?
They’re usually rounded on one side and flat on the side that contacts the door. Their purpose is to stop the door from swinging the wrong way. Casing is the trim nailed to the jamb and the wall. It’s there to hide the gap between the jamb and the part of the door frame that’s behind the wall.
What is the trim around a front door called?
The trim around a door frame—also known as doorway casing—is installed first and foremost to conceal unsightly construction gaps left between the frame and the drywall.
How do I calculate door casing?
Measure from the floor to the top of the door jamb on the inside. Add 1/4 inch to the measurement. For example, if the measurement is 80 inches, your total measurement will be 80 1/4 inches.
What should the reveal be on door casing?
The standard reveal for window molding and door trim is 1/4-in., but this can be adjusted a little if needed. A combination square works well for marking reveals. The first step in any trim job is to prepare the jambs for trim. If you’re replacing trim, pry it off and remove the nails from the jamb.
What size door casing should I use?
For casings, 50 percent is good. Generally, vertical trim elements such as door and window casings should be smaller and have less heft than baseboards. So I’ve found that a good rule of thumb for sizing window and door casings is to keep them at about 50 percent of the height of the baseboard.
Can you use baseboard for door casing?
Baseboards and door casings have similar installation methods. This is due in part because both applications can use the same product: 5/8-by-2 1/4-inch molding. It can be referred to as either casing when it’s applied around a door or baseboard when it’s applied to the floor, but it’s the same thing.
What is the trim around a window called?
Casing refers to the trim used around interior or exterior windows and doors. Casing is designed to cover the unfinished gap between walls and door or window frames.
What is the difference between trim and casing?
Trim is a general term, often used to describe all types of molding and millwork. Casing is a type of molding, typically used to trim the perimeter of windows and doors. Crown molding (or crowns) is a type of molding, which is applied where the wall and ceiling meet.
Which type of Moulding is the most weather resistant?
MDF won’t split when cutting, is easy to cut with miter saw blades, is resistant to warping and can be painted with any high quality oil or latex paint, making it one of the most versatile types of crown molding on the market today.