What are horizontal lines on a map called?

What are horizontal lines on a map called?

Horizontal mapping lines on Earth are lines of latitude. They are known as “parallels” of latitude, because they run parallel to the equator.

What are the lines that run north and south called?

Longitude is measured by imaginary lines that run around the Earth vertically (up and down) and meet at the North and South Poles. These lines are known as meridians.

What are the lines that stretch across a map or globe vertically called?

The horizontal lines are called lines of latitude and the vertical lines are called lines of longitude.

What are the five imaginary lines?

The five major latitude lines are the equator, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, and the Arctic and Antarctic Circles.The Arctic Circle. The Antarctic Circle. The Equator. The Tropic of Cancer. The Tropic of Capricorn.

Which is the longest line on the globe?


What are the three imaginary lines?

Unlike the equator, the Tropic of Cancer, and the Tropic of Capricorn, the prime meridian and all lines of longitude are completely imaginary lines and have no significance to Earth or its relationship with the sun.

What is the most important line of longitude?

The most important line of longitude is the Greenwich or Prime Meridian (0°). This line runs through the Greenwich Observatory in London.

What are latitude lines called?


What is the imaginary line called?

Imaginary lines, also called meridians, running vertically around the globe. Unlike latitude lines, longitude lines are not parallel. Meridians meet at the poles and are widest apart at the equator. Zero degrees longitude (0°) is called the prime meridian.

What is 0 longitude called?

prime meridian

Which two lines are used for locating places?

Two types of imaginary reference lines are used to locate positions or points and to make accurate globes and maps. These lines are called parallels of latitude and meridians of longitude.

What is the meaning of imaginary line?

In general, an imaginary line is usually any sort of geometric line that has only an abstract definition and does not physically exist. In fact, they used to properly identify places on a map.

What are the two types of imaginary lines?

The imaginary lines circling the globe in an east-west direction are called the lines of latitude (or parallels, as they are parallel to the equator). They are used to measure distances north and south of the equator. The lines circling the globe in a north-south direction are called lines of longitude (or meridians).

Which is the longest longitude?


What is the need of imaginary lines?

The imaginary line around the globe are very important because are drawn for navigation and geographic information. These lines are helpful in determining location of an object around the globe. Distances of the objects are also found due to these lines.

Why a globe is important?

A globe is a man-made spherical model of the earth. A globe is a very useful model to display the actual shape of the earth with its tilted axis; The rotation and revolution of the earth can be very clearly shown by it along with the continents and oceans.

How many miles is 10 degrees longitude?

Each degree of latitude is approximately 69 miles (111 kilometers) apart. The range varies (due to the earth’s slightly ellipsoid shape) from 68.703 miles (110.567 km) at the equator to 69.407 (111.699 km) at the poles. This is convenient because each minute (1/60th of a degree) is approximately one [nautical] mile.

Which is the shortest latitude?

Compared to longitude, latitude does not have so many special lines and points, just remember all latitude lines are of the same length! The only special latitudes are the 0° and 180°.

What are the 4 main latitudes?

Besides the equator (0°), the North Pole (90°N) and the South Pole (90° S), there are four important parallels of latitudes– (i) Tropic of Cancer (23½° N) in the Northern Hemisphere. (ii) Tropic of Capricorn (23½° S) in the Southern Hemisphere. (iii) Arctic Circle at 66½° north of the equator.

What are the 7 major lines of latitude?

Important lines of latitude:the equator (0°)the Tropic of Cancer (23.5° north)the Tropic of Capricorn (23.5° south)the Arctic circle (66.5° north)the Antarctic circle (66.5° south)the North Pole (90° north)the South Pole (90° south)