# What is discount rate in NPV?

## What is discount rate in NPV?

The discount rate will be company-specific as it’s related to how the company gets its funds. It’s the rate of return that the investors expect or the cost of borrowing money. If shareholders expect a 12% return, that is the discount rate the company will use to calculate NPV.

3%

## What discount rate should I use?

If we know that the cash-on-cash return for the next best investment (opportunity cost) is 8%, then we should use a discount rate of 8%. A discount rate is a representation of your level of confidence that future income streams will equal what you are projecting today. In other words, it is a measure of risk.

## Is a high IRR good or bad?

IRR calculations rely on the same formula as NPV does. Keep in mind that the IRR is not the actual dollar value of the project. It is the annual return that makes the net present value equal to zero. Generally speaking, the higher an internal rate of return, the more desirable an investment is to undertake.

## What is NPV vs IRR?

What Are NPV and IRR? Net present value (NPV) is the difference between the present value of cash inflows and the present value of cash outflows over a period of time. By contrast, the internal rate of return (IRR) is a calculation used to estimate the profitability of potential investments.

## Why is there a conflict between NPV and IRR?

For single and independent projects with conventional cash flows, there is no conflict between NPV and IRR decision rules. However, for mutually exclusive projects the two criteria may give conflicting results. The reason for conflict is due to differences in cash flow patterns and differences in project scale.

## How does reinvestment affect both NPV and IRR?

The NPV has no reinvestment rate assumption; therefore, the reinvestment rate will not change the outcome of the project. The IRR has a reinvestment rate assumption that assumes that the company will reinvest cash inflows at the IRR’s rate of return for the lifetime of the project.

## Why do we use IRR?

Companies use IRR to determine if an investment, project or expenditure was worthwhile. Calculating the IRR will show if your company made or lost money on a project. The IRR makes it easy to measure the profitability of your investment and to compare one investment’s profitability to another.

## How is IRR calculated?

When calculating IRR, expected cash flows for a project or investment are given and the NPV equals zero. (Cost paid = present value of future cash flows, and hence, the net present value = 0). Once the internal rate of return is determined, it is typically compared to a company’s hurdle rate.